INDEX

WHO DID DISCOVER AUSTRALIA?

COLONIAL EXPLORATION


The Discover of Australia: Significant places in Australia's maritime history


Adventure Bay, Bruny Island, Tasmania
Bruny Island in general and Adventure Bay in particular is steeped in the rich history of Australia's early maritime explorers, its convict past and the whaling industry which flourished in the early days. Long used by the Nuenonne band of the South East Tribe of Aborigines Adventure Bay was first sighted by Europeans when Abel Tasman arrived in November 1642. His ships, the Zeehaen and Heenskerck, briefly entered Adventure Bay but fierce storms prevented him from landing. Following Tasman were a stream of navigators from a variety of nations who used Encounter Bay as their base during exploration of the southern coast of Tasmania.

Dirk Hartog Island, Western Australia
Located on the extreme north west corner of Australia, Dirk Hartog Island is situated between Shark Bay and the Indian Ocean. Though an isolated location, it is a significance corner in Australia's history in that it was here that two Dutchmen left pewter plates recording of their visits in 1616 and 1696; two French explorers fell out in 1801 over the ethics of removing the plates and taking them back to France; and 29 years earlier another Frenchman had claimed the place for France, leaving a bottle recording the event. It was to remain buried in the sand of Turtle Bay until 1988 when it was recovered by an expedition of the WA Maritime Museum.

Encounter Bay, South Australia
Encounter Bay is a coastal feature of eastern South Australia. It is bounded by two sand peninsulas, Sir Richard Peninsula and Younghusband Peninsula, the Murray River Mouth (a modest feature) and the rocky coast of Victor Harbour area. The Coorong is a long, shallow lagoon lying on the landward side of the Younghusband Peninsula, and is an important bird and fish breeding area. In April 1802, the bay was the meeting place of two great maritime expeditions of discovery, the British one sailing east led by Matthew Flinders, and the French one sailing west led by Nicholas Baudin. The name 'Encounter Bay' commemorates their meeting.