Litchfield National Park protects good examples of most of the Top
End habitats. It also features numerous waterfalls which cascade from a
sandstone plateau called the Tabletop Range, intriguing magnetic
termite mounds, historical sites, and the weathered sandstone pillars
of the Lost City.
Being less than two hours drive and just over 100 km south-west of
Darwin, Litchfield National Park makes the perfect same day destination
for visitors to Darwin wanting to experience the bush in the Top End
without going too far off the beaten track.
The Park contains several types of typical Top End habitats
including lush monsoon forests, magnetic termite mounds, unusual rock
formations, numerous waterfalls (Florence, Tolmer and Wangi Falls are
definitely worth seeing) and cascades. The weathered sandstone pillars
of The Lost City are worth a look, but a 4 wheel drive vehicles is
required. Otherwise, an ordinary car will take you to most features.
The Park encloses much of the spectacular Tabletop Range, which is a
wide sandstone plateau mostly surrounded by cliffs. During the monsoon
season, from October to May, four major waterfalls thunder from the
cliffs to tropical rock pools many metres below. During the rest of the
year the waterfalls flow more gently, making the waterholes perfect
spots for a cool dip. This Park is spectacular at any time, though most
4WD tracks are closed during the wet season, such as the one to the
Lost City. Blythe Homestead is a step back in history.
Some swimming areas such as Wangi Falls become unsafe after heavy
rain and are closed for swimming but the kiosk and picnic facilities
remain open. Buley Rockhole is a series of rock pools joined by
small waterfalls where you can sit in the waterfall and have a natural
spa. And some of the rock pools are so deep you can dive into them.
The Park's central sandstone plateau supports rich woodland flora
communities dominated by species including the Darwin Wollybutt
(Eucalyptus miniata) and Darwin Stringybark (Eucalyptus tetrodonta) as
well as banksias, grevilleas, terminalias and a wide variety of other
woodland species. Patches of monsoon rainforest thrive in the deep,
narrow gorges created over thousands of years by the force of the
waterfalls cutting into the escarpment walls. Common wildlife species
include the Antilopine Wallaroo, Agile Wallaby, Sugar Glider, Northern
Brushtail Possum, Fawn Antechinun, Black and Little Red Flying Foxes
and the Dingo.