A rural centre which services a rich agricultural and coal mining district.
Location: 594 km north of Brisbane; 127 km from Gladstone; 173 metres above sea-level.
Points of interest: Agricultural Research Station; Callide Dam;
Callide Power Station; Callide Coal Mines; Australia's Primary
Industries Exhibition; Greycliffe Station homestead (1870s);
'Kilburnie' homestead (22 km south-east, c.1890)
Biloela's biggest attraction is The SILO. More than 28 metres high,
it is filled, not with grain, but with an array of displays about
primary industry. The SILO situated in Exhibition Street gives an
insight into cotton production, stud and dairy cattle, redclaw and
ostrich farming, grain production and landcare
Kroombit Tops National Park
Standing above surrounding farmlands the sandstone escarpments,
gorges, creeks and waterfalls of Kroombit Tops provide a cool retreat.
Explore intriguing natural and cultural wonders hidden among a mosaic
of woodlands, rainforests and scrublands. Its sandstone escarpment has
spectacular views, subtropical rainforest and palm-fringed waterfalls.
Musical Mountain (12 km south): Rising 150m above the cultivated
plains to the south of the central Queensland town of Biloela, Mount
Scoria is a striking local landmark protected in Mount Scoria
Conservation Park. Formed by volcanic activity 20–26 million
years ago, this volcanic plug features many-sided basalt columns. The
mountain's nickname - Musical Mountain - is derived from the long
six-sided basalt columns on the mountain that project outwards like
fingers. They sound musical notes when struck by another rock.
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The first European to explore the area (in 1844), Ludwig Leichhardt,
gave glowing reports of the area, which resulted in an influx of
pastoralists. Coal was discovered in the area in the 1890s but it was
not developed until 1942 when an open-cut mine was established on the
site of the old Callide station. The town was not created until 1924,
and only then in anticipation of the arrival of the railway in the
following year. In 1994, a routine burn-off at Kroombit Tops uncovered
a B-24 Liberator Bomber, lost in 1944.
Origin of name: The Gangulu tribe, who inhabited the region prior to
European settlement, named the area Biloela after their totem or
emblem: the white cockatoo.